Potty training is an absolutely necessary process that every dog owner encounters after bringing a new pup into their home. Teaching your puppy not to urinate or defecate in the house is fairly simple if the proper steps are taken. With patience, consistency, and the right routine, you can help your dog learn to do their “business” outside of your home.
Taking the Right Steps
1. Make a schedule: Construct and organize the most efficient routine for you and your puppy. Keep in mind that most newborn puppies have to empty their bladders every 30-45 minutes, except when they are sleeping. It is also said that puppies can hold their bladders one hour for every month of age. For example, a 3 month old puppy can hold it for 3 hours before they have an accident. Also, correlate the feeding schedule with the bathroom schedule. Wait 10-30 minutes after your puppy finishes eating to take him to his bathroom spot.
2. Locate a nearby spot for your dog to go to the bathroom: This could be a park, yard, or puppy pad. Just be sure that it is easily accessible and close to home. Teach your dog that this location is an acceptable place for them to go to the bathroom.
3. Praise your puppy when they go to the bathroom in the correct place: Treats and affection are both substantial rewards to give to your puppy when they eliminate in the right location. Be sure that you reward them after they finish going to the bathroom and not during because puppies are easily distracted. It is also very important that they are rewarded before they go back into the house so they know what is acceptable.
4. Never punish your puppy when having an accident inside the house: Some dog behaviorists believe that you should punish your dog for having an accident in the house but that just causes your dog to constitute a negative association with their bodily functions. This can cause numerous problems such as:
• Not going to the bathroom in fear that they will get in trouble
• Cause further delay in teaching them to eliminate outdoors
• Teach them to be afraid to eliminate in your presence, or even afraid of you
Instead of punishing the dog, calmly approach the dog and quickly take him to the place you want him to eliminate. Then wait till he finishes outside and praise him after he does so. If you come across a soiled area in the house, it is already too late to correct him. You have to catch them in the act or else they will not understand the late correction. Remember, the puppy is not purposely trying to upset you.
5. Confinement: At times when you have to leave your puppy unattended in the house, leave them in a small area where they will not want to urinate or defecate. Make sure the space is big enough for them to comfortably lie down and move around in. Crates, blocked off sections of bathrooms, laundry rooms, and living rooms with tile floors, are all good places to confine your puppy.
6. Be patient with your puppy: Give them lots of time to learn. Just relax, stay on schedule, and with your help they will be potty trained in no time.
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